Science Declares Our Universe IS Intelligently Designed
Ultralogics and the GID-model
What comes next is almost entirely relative to the General Grand Unification (GID)-model and how it models mental-type processes. I mention at the end of this article how one views the GID-model notions when only the General Grand Unification (GGU) Model is being considered. Further, what I present next holds for inductive as well as deductive mental processes.
Look at a physics science-community textbook-derivation for the highly discussed galactic redshift. You can, as I have done, specifically trace out the step-by-step logical steps used to obtain the redshift expression. Any such derivation uses a "logic-system," which contains the "rules of inference" R and a set of mentally applied procedures AG, the "algorithm," in order to obtain the deduced result. Often rules that comprise rational thinking are also applied. This particular logic-system is a part of the much larger physics science-community logic-system that may by mostly implicit in character until one explicitly argues for a prediction. The R is abstracted and mathematically modeled and major portions AG' of AG are also mathematically modeled. Let P represent the GGU-model's R coupled with the modeled AG'.
For intuitive simplicity, P uses a language L of specifically combined symbols. (The notion of what constitutes a language is extended for the GGU-model to include all digitized sensory human-impressions and specific unobservable behavior and entities.) Now after doing all sorts of stuff, the characterizing processes displayed by P are embedded into a mathematical theory. The theory yields other objects *P = *R U *AG'. (The symbol U is called the set-theoretic "union" operator. All it means is that *P only contains all the objects that are members of *R or *AG'.) In recent years, a logic-system such as R with AG has been shown to be equivalent to an operator C that takes sets of words in L and yields words in L. The operator C also has special properties. The set of words it uses is called a set of premises. If one takes such a set X and applies R and AG, then the set of all deductions Y obtain is the result of this operator. This is denoted by C(X) = Y. Each C also determines a logic-system from which the C can be obtained. It is the logic-system's AG that yields an intelligent agent signature for C.
Originally, the *P or an equivalent *C was called a "superlogic" but I had to changed the name to "ultralogic" since the term superlogic was already in use. But, why use the prefix "super" or "ultra"? Are "mental" processes characterized by *P really "super," "ultra," when compared to P? Why do I term the characteristics for *P as those of a higher-intelligence?
In terms of higher-intelligence (HI) terminology, it turns out that HI uses the *P process on members of a language *L that is much larger than L. But, our human language is contained in *L. If you restrict all of these particular HI activities to L, then you get P. So, mentally, human beings are associated with these HI "starred" processes. But, basically, what can the HI do that human beings cannot?
Let X be a finite set of hypotheses that humans can use, and Y the set of all deductions that can be made by the physics science-community. Then using the same X, HI deduces the set of conclusions *Y. *Y can be the same as Y, but, although *Y contains Y, *Y is, usually, much, much larger than Y. This is the exact definition for a "stronger" process and indicates why *P represents an HI-designed action. The reason for an increase in deductive power is that when AG' is investigated it is discovered that members of *Y can be the result of applying hyperfinitely many steps using a, usually, much larger *R. The AG that mankind uses requires that only finitely many steps be used to obtain a specific deduction. Further, to get any deduction only finitely many premises are used along with AG. If X is an infinite set of premises, and in science there are many of these since varying parameters are often used, then each deduction uses only a finite subset of X. But, for AG', hyperfinitely many premises from an automatically expanded set of premises *X, which contain the X premises, can be used to obtain deductions.
Another aspect of the HI processes is relative to the language *L. This language contains certain objects that behavior like ordinary language symbols, words, sentences and has a grammar. But, for these objects, no human being can have any direct knowledge as to what are the words, sentences or even the symbols. The HI can use hypotheses from this unknowable portion of its language and deduce meaningful members for our language L for which humans can have direct knowledge.
There are other rather unusual differences between the HI processes and what humans can do but it requires one to have a basic knowledge of the workings of the nonstandard model. Nevertheless, these intuitive notions, in my view, certainly should indicate, on a basic level, why I call such *P or the equivalent *C ultralogics. I point out that certain standard logic-systems are also termed as ultralogics. BUT, now I come to the truly sensational difference between ultralogics and human mental activity.
One can characterize human mental processes in a general manner. Then it turns out that there are other HI processes called "pure" ultralogics. This type does not carry the "star" on the symbol used to identify it. They have all of the same characteristics as listed above but with a major difference. If you restrict their behavior to the language L, you do not get all of the properties being expressed by the pure ultralogic. Indeed, some described results that one would observe would appear to be unguided and chaotic from the human viewpoint. The ultralogics that model probabilistic behavior are of this type. In this case, this shows that HI has designed each finite sequence of the specific physical events, where it is often assumed that the behavior is random, AND maintains the probabilistic behavior as well.
For the GGU-model, ultralogics are also termed as intrinsic ultranatural processes, or IUN-processes. They are also sometimes termed as force-like processes. Using this terminology, they can be considered as producing physical-systems, and producing, staining, guiding or controlling physical-system behavior. Their relation to intelligent design can be considered as an extraneous interpretation that is ignored as is done in quantum logic. For the GID-model, ultralogics have the same GGU-model "meanings" except their relation to intelligent design is not ignored and these IUN-processes are coupled with the intelligent agent characteristics that are considered a general signature for the intelligent design aspects. From the GID interpretation, ultralogics are designed by an HI, when applied they exhibit HI actions, and, necessarily, the structural and behavioral patterns produced are intelligently designed.